Remembering Resurrection

On occasion, I’m reminded of how conventional corporate media can be. The New York Times is supposedly the liberal stronghold of liberal bias and liberal elitism, whatever that is supposed to mean. But obviously what it doesn’t mean is any deep and probing questions about the ideological foundations of our society.

The article that brought this back to my attention was what amounted to a Christian puff piece by John Meacham, some empty filler for the Easter weekend. He is a respectable author and historian within the mainstream establishment and popular media, but this particular article seems to be a throwaway that he quickly jotted down in between more important activities. Obviously, no serious scholarly research was involved, beyond some passing references.

The article is about resurrection and Meacham should know better. He has often written about religion in terms of history, including one book on the American founders. In my accusation, what exactly is it about which he should know better? In NYT, he writes that, “To Homer, as to the rest of the ancient world, what became the Christian idea of personal resurrection was preposterous.” Well, that part is simply misleading. Homer was writing long before the Roman Empire and all religious thought was far different, as human civilization was just emerging from the collapse of the Bronze Age (what Julian Jaynes refers to as the bicameral societies) and the Axial Age with its radically new religious ideas hadn’t yet taken hold.

So, it depends on which era of the ancient world one is talking about. But even in the pre-Axial period, the notion of resurrection was not an unknown concept, as many gods and godmen were brought back to life. This religious motif goes back to some early civilizations. What changed was how the relation between human and divine was imagined and experienced. Resurrection didn’t appear out of nowhere with the myth of Jesus Christ, although at that point it was being reinterpreted. Obviously, personal salvation (or gnosis, nirvana, enlightenment, transformation, etc) couldn’t be conceived until Axial Age individualism had been formulated and established. But centuries into the Axial Age, it was common for various religions to make claims of personal salvation, such as burial inscriptions declaring that as Osiris died and rose so would the buried worshipper.

Meacham pretends otherwise, though. “So singular was the proposition,” he writes, “that a particular person had been resurrected from the dead and that belief in him would lead to eternal salvation; it would hardly have been the early Christians’ first choice of narratives to share. Why argue something so improbable, and so unexpected, unless they believed it had actually happened the way they told the story?” I have a hard time taking him seriously. None of this was original to Christianity.

Belief in such things became well established over the preceding centuries, that is belief in personal salvation by way of resurrection gods and godmen — as Robert M. Price stated in no uncertain terms, “The ancient Mediterranean world was hip-deep in religions centering on the death and resurrection of a savior god. […] It is very hard not to see extensive and basic similarities between these religions and the Christian religion. But somehow Christian scholars have managed not to see it, and this, one must suspect, for dogmatic reasons” (Deconstructing Jesus, pp. 86 & 88). Sure, gnostic Christians and later heresiologists put their own spin on this mytheme, but it was far from having never been seen before. This type of theology emerged out of the meeting point of Alexandrian Jewish Neoplatonism, Greco-Roman Mystery Schools, Egyptian Hellenism, Virgin Isis-Meri worship, Osiris/Horus rituals, Dionysus tradition, etc. For example, the Catholic Church not only incorporated Mithraic elements for the Vatican was literally built on top of a Mithraic ritual cave.

None of this should be unknown to Meacham. In his book about the American founders, there are numerous references to Thomas Paine who wrote about the mythicist origins of Christianity which was well documented at the time. And Thomas Paine was one among many others during that era. Going back to early Christianity, there was much debate on all of this, even to the point that a major Christian Father defended the faith by admitting that there were pagan precursors to Christianity but that this was because the Devil implanted these ideas in earlier false religions in order to deceive humanity. But at least this apologetic defense is more honest in its admission than those who simply pretend the evidence doesn’t exist.

I don’t personally care about other people’s personal beliefs about Christian theology and traditions, rituals and practices. The heretical Unity Church I was raised in didn’t place any priority on such matters. If as a kid I had argued that Christianity borrowed from other religions, most of the people in my church wouldn’t have cared and some of them likely would already have been familiar with the evidence. There is nothing inherently anti-Christian about having knowledge of Christian origins. Nor is it dismissive of Christianity and disrespectful of Christians to admit basic historical facts and mythological precedents, no matter how challenging to our received dogma. Any worthy faith shouldn’t require a leap of ignorance.

Besides, in acknowledging what Christians inherited, it remains fair to argue that Jesus and his early followers helped form an original belief system, as would be true of any mature religion as it developed its own unique tradition. Christian theology about resurrection should be understood on its own terms, but that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t bother understanding it in terms of the ancient world out of which Christianity emerged. This doesn’t lessen the value of Christianity in any way. Rather, this broadens our potential insight about what it means to have a personal relation to the divine and to be personally saved (or, for atheists and agnostics, to offer context and allow for perspective). These are ancient concerns that extend far beyond Christianity proper. We are inheritors not only of Christianity but of the entire ancient world.

For some Christians such as Robert M. Price, learning the truth causes them to lose faith. But for still others like Tom Harpur, the truth strengthened their faith even further. On that note, no matter what you believe or don’t believe about resurrection: Happy Easter! And in remembrance of resurrection’s ancient agricultural inspiration, after this past long lingering Winter, I welcome the  return of Spring. That is a resurrection of the world that includes us all, even the dead in taking on new forms. Life emerging from the empty tomb of the cold soil is no small miracle.

What is your renaissance?

What is your renaissance?

Posted on Mar 16th, 2008 by Marmalade : Gaia Child Marmalade
This is in Response to the Questions and Reflections for March 16, 2008:

 

Heck if I know.

Renaissance sounds too hopeful of a word for someone as depressed as I.  Sure, I’m being reborn all of the time and dying all of the time for that matter.  The dark ages of my 20s is now past and so there has been a renaissance of sorts in the last few years.  I’ve more or less come to an acceptance/resignation about life that gives me perspective and a kind of stability.

I just joined Gaia and I could make a suck-up answer about how this community is everything I’ve been looking for all of my life.  LOL  It is a nice place, but so are many sites.  I willl say that discovering on-line communites a couple years ago awoke something in me.  I’ve always struggled with not finding likeminded people in my life, and annoying the not-perfectly-likeminded people in my life with my endless questions and contemplations.

Really discovering what is available on the web has given me some excitement about the possibilities in this everchanging world.  I love knowledge and many websites can feel like shrines to possibility where people share their personal visions.  I decided to start my own blog because I too felt a need to share my vision… for whatever good it might do.  I just need to express myself.

To give some credit to Gaia, this community does stand out from the crowd.  It gives me a bit of hope to see so many people sincere and even over-sincere in their intentions.  There is no lack of cynicism and criticalness on the web and this place is refreshing in comparison.

This here blog is a small renaissance in the making.  Its my first blog and its an expression of my hope… dare I say a declaration that my little voice matters.  Or, at least, its a flickering flame in my personal darkness.

Access_public Access: Public 2 Comments Print // Post this!views (170)  

1Vector3 : "Relentless Wisdom"

about 3 hours later

1Vector3 said

Well, “I liked it” and gave it one of our “seeds” by clicking on that. Thank you for this great sharing !!!! I too have found so many more like-minded folks here in this Community. I am gonna be “monogamous” with it, because I have no desire to even look elsewhere. I have more Friends than I can keep up with here, and more all the time !!!!

Blessings, OM Bastet

Marmalade : Gaia Explorer

about 4 hours later

Marmalade said

Thanks for the seed.  I’ve been seeded… oh my goodness!  And we just met!  I guess I’m glad to hear your monogomous after our little seeding adventure.

I hope it doesn’t turn you off… I do happen to have a few relationships with some other on-line communities.  But they don’t mean anything.  Gaia is my new true love… of the moment.

To be serious for a moment, if I must, I wouldn’t mind getting some of my forum friends to come join here.  I did get one person to come here from a MBTI forum that I belong to, but I don’t think she has done anything with her page yet.  I’ll have to see if I can encourage her a bit.

Blessings Be!