I’m in the process of reading again The Culture of Make Believe by Derrick Jensen. In a recent discussion with Quentin S. Crisp, I was mentioning how Derrick Jensen is more depressing than even Thomas Ligotti.
The more I think about it, though, their two views do seem to resonate to a degree. Jensen is an environmentalist and writes about environmentalism. Ligotti, although not an environmentalist as far as I know, relies heavily on the Zappfe’s philosophy and Zappfe was an environmentalist who inspired the beginnings of deep ecology.
There is one other similarity between the two. Both take suffering very seriously which I appreciate, but there is a limitation to this. I don’t know how else to explain this limitation other than to use an example. Here is a scene from A Scanner Darkly (the video is from the movie and the quote is from the novel):
“There had been a time, once, when he had not lived like this… In former days Bob Arctor had run his affairs differently; there had been a wife much like other wives, two small daughters, a stable household that got swept and cleaned and emptied out daily, the dead newspapers not even opened carried from the front walk to the garbage pail, or even, sometimes, read. But then one day, while lifting out an electric corn popper from under the sink, Arctor had hit his head on the corner of a kitchen cabinet directly above him. The pain, the cut in his scalp, so unexpected and undeserved, had for some reason cleared away the cobwebs. It flashed on him instantly that he didn’t hate the kitchen cabinet; he hated his wife, his two daughters, his whole house, the back yard with its power mower, the garbage, the radiant heating system, the front yard, the fence, the whole fucking place and everyone in it. He wanted a divorce; he wanted to split. And so he had, very soon. And entered, by degrees, a new and somber life, lacking all of that.
“Probably he should have regretted his decision. He had not. That life had been one without excitement, with no adventure. It had been too safe. All the elements that made it up were right there before his eyes, and nothing new could ever be expected. It was like, he had once thought, a little plastic boat that would sail on forever, without incident, until it finally sank, which would be a secret relief to all.
“But in this dark world where he now dwelt, ugly things and surprising things and once in a long while a tiny wondrous thing spilled out at him constantly; he could count on nothing.“
~ Philip K. Dick, A Scanner Darkly (the book)
The last sentence is particularly what I had in mind as being a contrast to that of Jensen and Ligotti. I’ve written before comparing Ligotti with PKD(Burroughs, PKD, and Ligotti, PKD Trumps Harpur and Ligotti). There are certain similarities: both are mainly fiction writers who also wrote extensively about philosophical ideas, both willing to look unflinchingly at the sources of human suffering. But the difference is that PKD expresses an endless sense of curiosity, wonder, awe (see: PKD, ACIM, and Burroughs, PKD on God as Infinity).
I just love the way he describes this sense of reality: “ugly things and surprising things and once in a long while a tiny wondrous thing spilled out at him constantly…” That is beautiful. It’s this kind of verbal expression that inspires my desire to write.
I’ve had many experiences that have touched me deeply, and they’re always at the back of my mind. Even though I’ve rarely written about them, I strongly desire to write about them. There are several things that hold me back. First, they’re experiences that are a bit on the uncommon side. Second, I don’t feel capable of of fully describing them in words, of capturing that actual in-the-moment experience.
Let me just mention some of them briefly so that you’ll have an idea of what I speak of:
- Dream – In general, dreams are perplexing to write about. One particular dream was of a theatre where spirits would come and go, but when the spirits were present the theatre transformed into a vast desert landscape. The experience of it was profound and mysterious. More than any other, this dream has always stuck with me.
- Psychedlic – I experimented with drugs in my 20s. I only did mushrooms once, but they really blew me away. I felt the whole world alive, breathing in unison, and the field was shimmering like that scene from Gladiator. Concepts such as ‘animism’ or panentheism are just interesting philosophies until you experience them.
- Spiritual – In some ways, the most haunting experiences I’ve had happened while fully awake and when no drugs were involved. There was a period of my life where depression, spiritual practice, and a broken heart all came together. At the bottom of this suffering, I came across a truly incomprehensible experience of life, almost a vision. It was a unified sense of the world that was both absolutely full and utterly empty. My response to it was at times a sense of loneliness but it was an intimate loneliness that transcended my individuality. It was a presence that wasn’t my presence. It just was whatever it was.
Any of those experiences are probably meaningless to anyone who hasn’t had similar experiences. Of course, they are far from meaningless to me. Each individual experience is meaningful to me in that they’ve all influenced me. I can even now viscerally remember these experiences. More importantly, these experiences together are meaningful because they remind me of my sense of wonder. The world is a truly strange place.
The animistic visions I’ve had particularly give me a sense of wonder on a daily basis. I can to some degree shift my perception into an animistic mode. I can put my mind into that sense of anticipation where the whole world feels like it’s on the verge of becoming something entirely else.
This animistic sensibility combines both PKD’s gnostic revelation and the shamanistic worldview. Much of PKD’s writing conveys a sense of paranoia. I think this modern sense of paranoia is essentially the same thing as the premodern shamanistic view of the natural world. The suffering of life is more than mere biological horror, more than mere existential angst. The darkness isn’t empty. There are things out there unseen that aren’t human. The world is alive with intelligences. The seeming empty spaces have substance. We aren’t separate from the world. Our skin doesn’t protect us from invasion. Most of that which exists is indifferent to humans, but some things may take interest. When we look out at the world, the world looks back.
We modern humans bumble our way through the world oblivious to all that surrounds us. The police protect us. Various public and private institutions make sure our daily lives run smoothly. We generally don’t think about any of it… until something goes wrong. The indigenous person lived differently than this. A tribal person depended on themselves and others in their tribe to take care of everything. If you’re walking through the wilderness, you have to pay attention in order to remain alive. The possibility of death is all around one. Death is a much more common event for hunter-gatherers. When someone is injured or becomes sick, there is no emergency room.
This seems rather scary to a modern person. However, to the indigenous person, this is simply the way one lives. If your life had always been that way, it would feel completely normal. You simply know the world around you. Being aware would be a completely natural state of mind. All of the world can be read for the person who knows the signs. Just by listening to the calls of birds you can know precisely where the tiger is, and you simply make sure you’re not in that same place.
The problem is that I’m not an indigenous person and I’m definitely no shaman. I at times can see something beyond normal perception, but I don’t know how to read the signs. If you go by polls, most people have experienced something weird in their lifetime. The weird is all around us all of the time. We just rarely think about it. And when we do notice it, we usually try to forget about it as quickly as possible.
Yes, Jensen is correct about how humans victimize one another, is correct about how civilization is destroying all life on earth. And, yes, Ligotti is correct about how humans are paralyzed by suffering, is correct that all of human culture arose as a distraction from this primal horror. Yes, yes, yes. Even so, there is something beyond all of that.